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A Guide to Car Buying: Engine and Car Body Types

When you are making your first purchase, it is possible that you don’t have much knowledge about cars, especially when no one in your family owns a vehicle. Car body types and engine types are the two most significant things any first-time car buyer should know.

So, let’s discuss both things in detail:

What are the Different Types of Engines?

Measured in cubic centimetre (cc) — the engine is responsible to push fuel and air through a vehicle’s cylinder. How much fuel and air will go through, is determined by the size of the engine. However, the size of the engine is typically described in litres. For instance, if your vehicle has a 1996cc engine, it will be called 2.0-litre.

Conventionally, a car that has a bigger engine will create more power than a vehicle that has a smaller engine. However, if a car has a turbo engine it can create more power than its non-turbo counterpart.

The engine of the car has a significant impact on its performance and fuel economy. Car engines come in various sizes including:

  • Small engine
  • Large engine
  • Turbo engine

Small Engine Cars

Smaller engines, which typically range from 1-litre to 1.9-litre, are the most common and economical as they come with less expensive cars. They are quite efficient for normal driving. Having more fuel-efficiency, these are mostly preferred by drivers who want to drive within the city.

The Honda HR-V comes standard with a 1.8-liter four-cylinder engine that delivers 141-horsepower.

Large Engine Cars

Larger engines are above 2.0 litres. These are more powerful but burn more fuel. A robust engine can accelerate at a quicker rate and attain a higher speed.

Honda Pilot 2020 comes with a large 3.5-litre, V6 engine that delivers 280-horsepower.

Turbocharged Engines

The size of the engine will not determine its power if the engine comes with a turbo. Decreasing fuel-efficiency, turbocharge engines enhances power. Turbocharged engines can match the power of larger non-turbo engines. For instance, the Honda CR-V 1.5-litre turbocharged engine will match or outperform Honda HR-V’s 1.8-litre engine.

What is the most Popular Size of Car Body Type?

Today, cars come in various sizes including:

  • Sedan
  • SUV
  • Hatchback
  • Coupe
  • Sportscar
  • Pickup truck
  • Minivan

There are more. But we will discuss only the popular body types which we see on the road in our daily lives.

Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV)

Sport utility vehicles are taller, boxier, and heavier. Unlike sedans, SUVs can tow. Since these vehicles are taller, they provide the driver with a commanding view of the road. There are different sizes within SUV including:

  • Subcompact SUV
  • Compact SUV
  • Mid-size SUV
  • Full-size SUV

Crossover, subcompact, and compact SUVs are smaller in size. HR-V is a subcompact SUV, while CR-V is a compact SUV. Mid-size SUVs are large vehicles with a seating capacity of around 7-8 people. These are usually family-oriented vehicles. Full-size SUVs are heavy cars which are often used for towing and off-roading.


A sedan is a four-door car with a traditional trunk that is separate from the passenger area. Honda Ghana has quite a few cars in its sedan segment of Honda Civic and Honda City.


A hatchback is a type of car that has a hatch door at the back. What makes it different from the sedan is the mixed passenger and cargo area. In a sedan, the cargo space is separated in the trunk of the car, while in hatchbacks, you can fold down the rear seats to extend the cargo space.

Read the article carefully and then assess your needs wisely. As discussed earlier, both body style and engine size play an important role in the car buying process as they indicate the seating capacity, cargo space, acceleration, and fuel consumption.



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